Nuclear Medicine Center for Oncology
It is a medical specialty that includes the use of radioactive materials in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. The high quality of these tests enables oncologists to precisely define the stage of the disease, evaluate the response, plan radiotherapy, and give high doses of targeted radionuclide treatment in some types of cancer.
The Nuclear Cancer Center provides radiographic imaging of: the heart, kidneys, liver, thyroid, brain, and cancer-affected bones, and others.
Nuclear medicine diagnosis medical problems in the early stages. Early disease control, also improves treatment success. These methods are useful in assessing the lymphatic spread of the disease in some types of cancer (such as breast and skin cancer) and helps in planning surgery.
In our nuclear medicine department, we use radioisotopes (the name given to the radioactive states of specific elements used to monitor compounds and biological molecules) in our patient rooms specifically designed to treat thyroid cancer and some rare cancers.
Nuclear medicine tests contribute greatly to the perception of diseases and allow for minimal interference in the human body. These tests can reveal abnormalities in organ function and guidance for early diagnosis and treatment of very serious diseases. With these methods, medical problems can be diagnosed earlier than other diagnostic methods. Early disease control increases treatment success rate. Before starting the tests, radioactive drugs are taken intravenously or orally, and shortly thereafter the images of the patient’s relevant body areas are presented by special cameras called “fluorescence.” Tests with these radioactive materials are evaluated by our nuclear medicine experts.
The applications implemented in our nuclear medicine department are safe, painless and effective. Before starting the test, the drug is given intravenously or orally. Shortly thereafter, body images called “fluorescence” are obtained using special cameras. These images show the development of the radioactive drug within the organ and provide valuable diagnostic information. The pictures can be interpreted by nuclear medicine experts and the results can be taken the next day.
How is the examination performed?
The radiation dose is given by intravenous or oral way, thus the patient becomes the radioactive unlike the normal rays and the quantity, and the type and composition of the radioactive material varies according to the age of the patient and the organ we need to image. And the radioactive material is used for imaging the different parts of the body by delivering the radioactive material to the organ exclusively. For example, for imaging the bones, a special substance is added with the radioactive material to lead the radioactive material and put it in the bones only as is the case in examining the kidneys, gallbladder, and lungs, etc. Nuclear radiography can be done in one session or in multiple sessions. The patient can return to take more pictures in a day or two.
Then external detectors (gamma cameras) take pictures of the radiation from the radioactive materials. This process is unlike diagnostic rays where external radiation is passed through the body to obtain an image.
After that, the doctor reads the pictures resulting from the examination and writes a report on it that includes the commentary on the normal tissues and any tissues with a higher activity than the normal ones, which receive the radioactive material with a degree more than the surrounding tissues.
What are the necessary precautions when conducting nuclear tests?
Radioactive materials are used in the nuclear imaging test. The amount of radiation used in a nuclear imaging test is safe, but this same amount can be dangerous for a fetus. Therefore, it is very important for a woman to ensure that she is not pregnant before taking the decision to conduct nuclear radiography.
Take care not to be close to children or pregnant women, according to the period told by the doctor, which depends on the material used in the examination.
The role of nuclear medicine in treatment
There is a group of diseases that require the use of radioisotopes in their treatment. Thyroid disease is the most common in this area.
Where radioactive iodine capsules are taken orally when an overactive activity in the gland, so that the active cells extract radioactive iodine from the blood and use it to make the hormone trotoxinum. For its normal activity.
Radioactive iodine is given after the removal of a malignant tumor from the thyroid gland in order to give a higher degree of safety, which increases the rates of recovery and non-return of the tumor. Or, the doctor may decide to give radioactive iodine in case of residual tumor or spread to other parts of the body.
What are the tips before radioiodine treatment?
- There are a set of tips to consider before administering radioactive iodine. The patient needs to follow a diet that does not include shrimp and fish and use iodine-free salt to cook food as well as skim dairy products for two weeks before the time of the capsule.
- If the patient is woman, days before treatment,a pregnancy test must be done to ensure that the patient is not pregnant.
- After taking the capsule, the patient may be forced to stay in a hospital isolation room for three days or more until his body gets rid of the radiation from the treatment so that it does not pose a danger to those around him, then he is then allowed to continue his life as usual.
- Should not have children after radiation therapy for a period of no less than two months for men and 6 months for women, it’s better to wait a year.
Our center is known by its application of very strict procedures to control radioactive materials in all stages of the medical imaging procedure, and the preparation of doses in a separate sterile unit, as well as the doses of radioactive materials are draw by equipments to provide the highest levels of safety for the patient and the medical team in terms of radiation protection, and staffed by a medical team specializing in diagnosing And treatment of advanced and normal tumors and conducting tests are specialists in nuclear imaging with high efficiencies and trained in the use of radioactive materials, in addition to that all procedures are carried out with serious commitment to strict international standards in protection and safety through security and control systems.
It is equipped with the latest imaging systems, including the latest biographers for CT scans from Flow Siemens (PET-scan – a positron tomography scanner combined with CT scans) and the latest devices like Gamma camera and Symbian Intosposcan Scan.
The integrated PET scan is the latest diagnostic tool in the fight against cancer. It is a high-speed machine that provides high-quality scanning technology in a short time for the convenience of the patient. With this device, the presence and spread of cancers in the body can be accurately detected. PET scan may reduce the need for other surgeries by correctly detecting the gradient and re-detecting the gradient of the cancer may prevent unnecessary surgical procedures.
Medical procedures are carried out by a specialized medical team with experience in nuclear medicine in addition to high qualifications.
Nuclear medicine applications in neurology
- Diagnosis of paralysis (early stage)
- Diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease
- Evaluation before carotid surgery
- Determine the focus of epilepsy
- Detect the position after head shocks
- Tumor site
- Tumor staging
- Locate the metastasis
- Evaluation of treatment response
- Treating bone pain due to cancer
- Detecting occult bone injuries, and sports injuries
- Diagnosis of osteomyelitis (osteomyelitis)
- Diagnosis of joint diseases
- Biopsy site in tumors
- Determine the extent of specific tumors
- Diagnosis of tight urinary tract
- Diagnosed with high blood pressure due to renal artery stenosis
- Study the contribution of both kidneys to the total job
- Kidney transplant evaluation
- Diagnosis of nephritis (pyelonephritis)
- Diagnosis of kidney tissue in the kidney
- Diagnosis of coronary artery disease
- Evaluate the effectiveness of bypass surgery
- Evaluating the effectiveness of treatment for heart failure
- Implanted heart assessment
- To choose bypass or angioplasty
- Cardiac risk assessment for patients who will be operated for other reasons
- Diagnosis of right heart failure
- Monitor whether chemotherapy is harmful to the heart
- Diagnosis of pulmonary embolism
- Transplanted lung evaluation
- Diagnosis and treatment of hyperthyroidism (Graves’ disease)
- Diagnosis of cholecystitis (acute cholecystitis)
- Diagnosis of acute gastrointestinal bleeding
- Differential diagnosis of painful testicular diseases
- Detect hidden foci of infection
Technological equipment used in the nuclear medicine department
- PET Scan to diagnose and treat all types of cancer, heart and some brain diseases
- A two-headed SPECT camera
- Bone Density (DEXA)
- Gamma Knife, which can be used in surgeries
- Diagnosis of regional infection with leukocyte lab markers
- Urea breath test for diagnosis and follow-up H pylori